In the previous lesson, we studied the definition of nouns and their types. Now, we are going to see the gender of nouns and the rules for changing gender.
Definition of Gender: The division of nouns into different classes is called gender.
Gender has been divided into four classes as follow:
- Masculine Gender
- Feminine Gender
- Common Gender
- Neuter Gender
Let’s discuss them all one by one with definitions and examples:
A noun that denotes a male person or animal is called the masculine gender.
For example Father, Son, Boy, King Time, Thunder, etc.
A noun that denotes a female person or animal is called the feminine gender.
Examples: Woman, Mother, Nature, Sister, Tigress, etc.
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A noun that can denote both male and female gender is called a common gender.
For example Baby, Child, Person, Enemy, Neighbour, Teacher, Servant, etc.
A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is called a neuter gender.
Examples: Copy, Book, Room, Paper, TV, Box, etc.
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Rules for Changing Masculine Gender to Feminine Gender
In some cases, adding ‘ess’ in a masculine noun to make a feminine noun.
In some cases, removing the last vowel and the consonant before it in a masculine noun makes a feminine noun.
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A masculine noun can be changed into a feminine noun by making some changes in the words.
By making a change in the first or second word of the compound masculine noun.
There is no rule to change a masculine noun into a feminine noun for foreign and miscellaneous words.