When we use the word ‘If,’ we actually talk about a conditional sentence. In IELTS Writing Task 2, conditional sentences can be used to get a good band score. So, we should learn The Types of Conditional Sentences.

Conditional Sentences Types

There are four types of conditional sentences:

1. Zero Conditional

The zero conditional is normally used to express general truths. The present tense is used in both clauses.


If you walk on the fire, your legs burn.

If you heat milk, it boils.

2. First Conditional

The first conditional refers to future possibilities that are certain or probable. One clause is in present tense while the other is a simple future.


If I have enough money, I will go to Australia.

If it rains, we will have to stay at home.

3. second Conditional

This type is often called the hypothetical or ‘unreal’ future conditional since it is used to speculate.


If I had enough money, I would go to Australia.

If I had time, I would drop you off at the office.

If I were a bird, I would fly.

4. Third Conditional

This type refers to hypothetical situations in the past.


If I had known about this situation, I would have phoned you earlier.

Had I been there, the police would not have beaten you.

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