Each expression in this post has been shown with meaning and an example. This blog post on “IELTS Vocabulary Crime and punishment” aims to help IELTS students, ESL learners, and teachers improve their English.

1. Murder

Meaning: to kill somebody

Police entered the building to investigate the murder that happened last night.

2. Shoplifting

stealing items from shops

Shoplifting in the Meena Bazar market is a big concern for the local police

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3. Assault

to attack somebody physically

The Republic TV chief Arnab Goswami was assaulted by police at his apartment.

4. Arson

if you deliberately start a fire, it’s an arson

His shop was fully burnt as the local goons set an arson yesterday.

5. Burglary

If you illegally enter a building and steal things, it’s a burglary

The police investigated the burglary that took place at the Jascon Plaza the previous Monday.

6. Robbery

a robbery takes place when someone (a robber) enters a property that is not his/hers and takes something (cash, paintings, jewelry, and other items)

People of this market are so upset seeing so many robberies lately.

7. A break in

same meaning as ‘burglary’

A sudden break-in of the criminals was recorded in the CCTV camera, and it shows they looted the whole items in the shop.

8. Mugging

This is where an individual is attacked in the street and robbed of the possessions he is carrying. These usually consist of jewelry like rings and watches, cash, credit cards, and mobile phones

Mugging cases in the capital have increased in the last two years. The government needs to install CCTV at every nook and corner of the town to stop such crimes.

9. Pickpocketing

the action of stealing from a person’s pockets

Women should be aware of their goods while traveling as pickpocketing can occur anytime in public buses.

10. Blackmail

demand money or another benefit from (someone) in return for not revealing compromising or damaging information about them

David has been blackmailing Teena using a recording of her MMS for almost 6 months.

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11. A victim of a crime

A victim of a crime is defined as a person who has suffered physical or emotional harm, property damage, or economic loss as a result of a crime

A victim’s testimony is a very important part of the prosecutor’s case against the accused.

12. Jury

a body of people (typically twelve in number) sworn to give a verdict in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted to them in court

The jury found the prisoner guilty.

13. Probation

the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision

The judge sentenced Jennings to three years’ probation.

14. Offender

a person who commits an illegal act

The young offender had to be remanded in custody for ten days.

15. Electronic tagging

the attaching of electronic markers to people or goods for monitoring purposes, e.g. to track offenders under house arrest or to deter shoplifters

The electronic tagging of remand prisoners has seen a sharp rise.

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