Each expression in this post has been shown with meaning followed by an example with a relevant picture. This blog post on “Health Vocabulary” aims to help ESL learners and teachers in order to help improve their English.
01. aches and pains
Meaning: minor pains that continue over a period of time
Example: I had aches and pains all over after the two-day trip.
02. to be a bit off color
Meaning: to feel a little ill
Example: My brother felt a bit off color, but he is much better now.
03. to be at death's door
Meaning: (informal) to be very ill indeed
Example: Sara seemed to be at death’s door from her illness.
04. to be on the mend
Meaning: to be recovering after an illness
Example: My father had been ill with typhoid but he’s on the mend now.
05. to be over the worst
Meaning: to have got through the most serious or uncomfortable stage of an illness
Example: David is over the worst of aches and pains.
06. to be under the weather
Meaning: (informal) to not feel well
Example: I hear your mother has been a bit under the weather. Is she feeling better now?
07. a blocked nose
Meaning: when the nose has excess fluid due to a cold
Example: One thing she has often is a blocked nose.
08. to catch a cold
Meaning: to get a cold
Example: I think you must have caught a cold on the bus in the train.
09. a check-up
Meaning: a physical examination by a doctor
Example: You need to ask your doctor for a check-up.
10. a chesty cough
Meaning: a cough caused by congestion around the lungs
Example: Despite the fact that he has a chesty cough, he never goes to make an appointment to see the doctor.
11. cuts and bruises
Meaning: minor injuries
Example: Don’t worry! she suffered only minor cuts and bruises.
12. to feel poorly
Meaning: to feel ill
Example: I felt poorly last day, so I didn’t come to office.
13. as fit as a fiddle
Meaning: to be very healthy
Example: What a personality he has! Hes look as fit as a fiddle.
14. to go down with a cold
Meaning: to become ill
Example: She has gone down with a cold, she can’t join in today.
15. to go private
Meaning: to choose to be treated by commercial healthcare rather than by services offered by the state
Example: Middle class people can find it difficult to go private for a check-up and treatment.
Meaning: general practitioner (family doctor)
Example: The general practitioner diagnosed the illness of my son as pneumonia.
17. to have a filling
Meaning: to have a tooth repaired
Example: My mother has fillings in two teeth, it cost $245.
18. to have a tooth out
Meaning: to have a tooth removed
Example: I had my one tooth out, it caused heavy pain.
19. a heavy cold
Meaning: a bad cold
Example: She is unable to join the class today, she is suffering from a heavy cold.
20. to make an appointment
Meaning: to arrange a time to see the doctor
Example: I have already made an appointment with Dr. Sharma for this evening.
21. to make a speedy recovery
Meaning: to recover quickly from an illness
Example: Green vegetables and fruits helped me make a speedy recovery.
23. prescription charges
Meaning: money the patient pays for medicine authorized by a doctor
Example: Prescription charges are quite expensive at private hospitals.
24. to pull a muscle
Meaning: to strain a muscle
Example: Today He pulled a muscle trying to move the refrigerator into the apartment.
25. a runny nose
Meaning: a nose that has liquid coming out of it
Example: I think I’m getting a cold-I’ve got a sore throat and a runny nose.
26. a sore throat
Meaning: inflammation that causes pain when swallowing
Meaning: The medicine did not soothe my sore throat.