We are going to see some structures for uses of gerund/infinitive. Because they are used widely in speaking and writing, we must have proper knowledge about how they should be used in a sentence.
(A) Be afraid of + Gerund + Noun / Pronoun
The use of ‘afraid of’ with a gerund shows the fear of a subject.
I never swam far out. I am afraid of getting caught.
She never shares her contact details because she is afraid of cheating.
Use of ‘Be afraid’ with infinitive expresses such a fear of the subject because of which he/she cannot perform an action.
I was afraid to swim (so I didn’t swim).
He was afraid to write a letter to his Principal (so he didn’t write).
I was afraid to ask my father (so I didn’t ask).
Also Read: Difference Between Each and Every
(B) Be sorry for + Gerund
Generally, a gerund is used for the previous actions.
I am sorry for making such a noise in the morning.
I am sorry for making a call on your phone.
It can also be used with immediate action.
I am sorry for disturbing you.
Please note that for immediate action, it is better to use the infinitive with the structure “Be sorry for.”
For instance: I am sorry to disturb you.
This Might Be Useful: Words Often Confused
Use of “I am sorry that….” shows real regret and sadness.
- I am sorry that you failed this time again.
- I am sorry that I couldn’t arrange money for you.
Note: If you want to express inconvenience as a formality, you can use the given structure:
I am sorry to say that your parcel has not arrived yet.
I am sorry to say that your sample is not ready so far.
(C) Be ashamed of + Gerund
The structure “Be ashamed of + gerund” is used to tell a past action.
You must be ashamed of lying to me.
You must be ashamed of cheating on your wife.
You can use “Be ashamed of” with infinitive as well.
You must e ashamed to lie to me.
You must be ashamed to tell what you did with her.
Use of ashamed + infinitive with ‘would be’ stops the subject from doing work in the future.
I would be ashamed to refuse her.
I would be ashamed to ask for help.
Use of ‘go on’ with infinitive
The meaning of go on is to continue. Generally, it is used with a gerund. However, it is used with an infinitive with verbs; explain, talk, tell, etc.
He went on talking about his marriage.
They went on to talk about the current situation of their family.
Gerund with Regret, Remember and Forget
With verbs; regret, remember and forget, the gerund is usually used when the gerund is indicated by earlier action.
She regretted abusing my brother last night. (Abusing the first action, regret is the second.)
I remember reading about this invention on the internet. ( reading is the first action and remember is the second.)
The use of gerund with ‘forget’ is generally negative.
I will never forget waiting for you so long.
We will never forget waiting for the guests to come.